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Posted on Sunday, April 26 2009 at 12:30 a.m. EST

Updated on Monday, May 04, 2009 at 8:00 p.m.



AUG 2007-JULy 2008


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Gravely Greek Sing Streaming Videos Viciously Create Copyright Infringement Innuendo!  

By Ramesh C.Reddy
Pittsburgh Standard

April 26, 2009

Editors Note: Pittsburgh Standard is pleased to stream the Greek Sing 2009 videos after an extensive study of copyright law. The links to the Greek Sing 2009 performances will be posted below after the presentation of my case.

PART I: Overcoming Restrictions on Media Due to Copyright Infringement Innuendo !

As publisher of http://www.pittsburghstandard.com, I have refrained from streaming Greek Sing Videos 2009 at the University of Pittsburgh because of copyright infringement issues raised by certain people of the university community only until I could JUSTIFY BY LAW that the streaming of the videos does not break the law.

As part of the media, I was given permission to record Greek Sing 2009 and put clips of it. What I was not given permission was to stream the entire Greek Sing 2009 videos online since it would be COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT of other people’s songs in the recording industry according to certain people of the university community. Since I could not stream the entire video online, I have stood down until I can show there is NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT.

Based on the STUDY OF LAW, I am excited to inform you all who wanted to see your performances that it will not be a COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. After presenting my CASE JUSTIFIED BY LAW, I intend to stream the Greek Sing 2009 videos as part of the media as a gift to the GRADUATING 2009 Seniors of Greek Life.

Being part of the media, Pittsburgh Standard falls under the protection of the U.S.  Constitution’s Bill of Rights, specifically Amendment I.

Amendment I states, “CONGRESS SHALL MAKE NO LAW respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or ABRIDGING the FREEDOM of speech, or OF THE PRESS; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

Congress knows it cannot abridge the FREEDOM OF THE PRESS, because it would violate the U.S. Constitution. I believe, therefore, it took that into consideration when CONGRESS passed (U.S. Code, Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 107) which deals with FAIR USE in COPYRIGHT LAW.

Section 107 of the U.S. Code is the FAIR USE DOCTRINE:

Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the FAIR USE of a COPYRIGHTED WORK, including such use by REPRODUCTION IN COPIES or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, FOR PURPOSES such as CRITICISM, COMMENT, NEWS REPORTING, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include

 (1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;

 (2) the nature of the copyrighted work;

 (3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and

 (4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the above factors.

PART II:  XYZ Organization (Plaintiff)  v.s. Pittsburgh Standard (Defendant)

Let us treat this as a law case as if it went to the courts and you all are the jury.

Ladies and gentleman of the jury, the issue at hand is ‘WHETHER OR NOT STREAMING OF GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS IS A COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT’

The Plaintiff (XYZ Organization) believes it is and does not want the videos to be streamed.

The Defense (Pittsburgh Standard-PS) argues to the contrary and will show that it’s willingness to stream the Greek Sing 2009 Videos is not copyright infringement and falls under the confines of the U.S. Code of Law, specifically Title 17, Section 107 granting the fair use doctrine.

My name is Ramesh C. Reddy and I will be representing the Pittsburgh Standard against any XYZ Organizations.

It is up to you the jury to decide, based on the facts of this case, taking into account the statues of the law and previous decisions given out by the United States Courts. If you follow the facts of the case, court cases, statues of the law, and the reasoning behind them, you will come to see that it is NOT A COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT to STREAM GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS. This is what I plan to show to XYZ Organizations.

PS only has to produce a PREPONDERANCE OF EVIDENCE to show that we are in our rights to stream Greek Sing 2009 videos

PART III: Arguments Against Copyright Infringement of GREEK SING 09.

In these arguments, I intend to show why streaming of GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS is NOT COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT.

For EXHIBIT I, I would like to present the FAIR USE DOCTRINE and will show the PS’s willingness to stream the videos adheres to the FOUR FACTORS of the FAIR USE DOCTRINE mentioned in the U.S. Code above.



As a multimedia newspaper, our desire is to critique performances after they are watched. We also give our readers the opportunity to critique performances which they can only do if they get to watch the videos online.

We also love to comment through poetry based on the performance that is being viewed and let our readers comment.

Greek Sing 2009 is also a newsworthy event because it is used to raise $500,000 dollars for the FIGHT AGAINST CANCER. Since it is a newsworthy event, we want our readers to know what happened there through our MULTIMEDIA section.

 Streaming Greek Sing 2009 will NOT BE FOR A COMMERCIAL NATURE. The paper will not make money from the streaming of the videos itself. On the contrary, it will be for NONPROFIT EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. The videos can be used by incoming students who contemplate whether they want to do GREEK SING 2010 to continue the FUNDRAISING FOR A CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION. They need a starting point and the most recent Greek Sing 2009 videos give them that starting point.

 Ladies and gentleman of the jury, this can only happen if Greek Sing 2009 is online. It is not enough to just have ONE VIDEO online for them to learn from. No, ladies and gentleman of the jury, you cannot learn from just one video.

We believe, the CROSS-CULTURAL AND LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT at the University of Pittsburgh will agree that ‘among a diversity of people and acts’ do diversity of ideas and creativity come up for others benefit including prospective Greek Sing 2010 participants. But, it is not just for their benefit but for anyone who watches it because they can learn how hard these students work for a charitable cause that it could inspire them too to be passionate about a charitable cause even if it is a different cause.

The PS is visited by strangers we never meet and yet learn from the site. Yes, it could be ENTERTAINING too but that does not take the CRITICISM, COMMENT, NEWSREPORTING, or EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES AWAY which adhere to the FAIR USE DOCTRINE.

Also, ladies and gentleman of the jury, the GREEK SING 2009 videos adhere to the DEGREE OF TRANSFORMATION rule which states, “the degree of transformation… seeks to determine whether the new work merely supplants the original, or whether it adds something new, with a further purpose or different character, thereby altering the first with new expression, meaning or message.” (http://www.copyrightwebsite.com/Info/FairUse/FairUse.aspx)

GREEK SING 2009 videos have a DEGREE OF TRANSFORMATION. When you watch the videos you will see original, creative performances based on MOVIE THEMES, PLAYS, etc. You won’t see an identical performance of their performance if you rent the original movie, play, etc because it is UNIQUE. Even the background songs that are used or sung are synchronized to their creative dances and actions. Therefore, they are a NEW WORK, they ADD SOMETHING NEW, have a FURTHER PURPOSE than the original movies, plays, songs, or music videos and are TRANSFORMATIVE in NATURE adhering to the FAIR CAUSE DOCTRINE. The songs are rarely ever in full-length.

Ladies and gentleman of the jury, I would like to call FAIR USE NETWORK.ORG as my first witness to show that GREEK SING 2009 is transformative in its own way. They will bring to your attention important cases that are good precedent for our case.


“In an important Supreme Court case (Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music), the Supreme Court held that parodies are transformative. The rap music group 2 Live Crew had sampled from Roy Orbison's song "O Pretty Woman". Because they were parodying the original song, the use was transformative, which the Court said would be a strong factor in favor of fair use.” (http://fairusenetwork.org/reference/c-fairuse1.php)


“In one case, the estate of Margaret Mitchell, author of Gone with the Wind, sued the novelist Alice Randall, arguing that her book The Wind Done Gone was a "derivative work" because it used the original characters, plot line, and some dialog of the original. But because The Wind Done Gone was intended to critique the racial attitudes and political viewpoint of Gone With the Wind, a federal court of appeals ruled that it was a protected parody. (SunTrust Bank v. Houghton-Mifflin.) (http://fairusenetwork.org/reference/c-fairuse1.php)

Thank you FAIR USE NETWORK! I will come back to you.

Ladies and gentleman of the jury, if you watch any of the Greek Sing 2009 videos, you will see they are TRANSFORMATIVE too and adhere to the FAIR USE DOCTRINE. I would like to now present FACTOR II:


GREEK SING 2009 VIDEO PERFORMANCES are not COPYRIGHTED to prevent from streaming. On the contrary, those performing the videos have wanted their performance to be streamed so they can watch it and their friends can watch it too. Also, the NATURE OF THE COPYRIGHTED WORK does not use ENTIRE SONGS from MUSIC ARTISTS to be deemed unfair.


“In one case, a film of the Kennedy assassination was found to be of such historical importance that copying and distributing it to the public was considered fair use. (Time v. Bernard Geis).” (http://fairusenetwork.org/reference/c-fairuse1.php)

We believe it is a FAIR USE for the public to see the GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS soon because it will make the public see how hard organizations work for a cause greater than themselves.


When the SORORITIES AND FRATERNITIES are performing, they do not use entire songs but parts of songs synchronized within their videos for charitable purposes adhering to ‘the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole’ is not the whole song but medleys of different songs. The PS is publishing the Greek Sing 2009 videos in their entirety so those that were performing in it can have the opportunity to watch it at a later time and also show it to readers for CRITICISM, COMMENTS, EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES, etc.


“The less of a work that is taken, the more likely it is to be fair. But even the whole work can be taken, if it is for a fair and legitimate purpose. The Supreme Court has held, for instance, that copying an entire TV show for purposes of home viewing at a later hour is fair use. (Sony v. Universal City Studios).” (http://fairusenetwork.org/reference/c-fairuse1.php)

The Greek Sing 2009 videos do not utilize full songs from movies, plays, etc and so PS cannot be guilty of infringing on the copyright rights of singers whose songs are being used in the videos just because PS decides to stream the videos. The fair use doctrine allows that.

When the GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS are streamed online, it does not affect singers’ revenue or royalties just because parts of their songs are used in the videos. Even if entire songs are used, they are so transformative in nature and synchronization that no artist has to worry that they will lose revenue because of the GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS. If anything it could have the opposite affect, and generate revenue for the singers whose songs they used whether it is Brittney Spears, Beyonce, The Frey, etc because they could be so enthralled with the song that they want to hear the entire song, so they go and buy it.

the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work will be positive for the artists and not negative because they could make revenue instead of losing revenue.


“Deciding whether a new work undermines the value of, or market for, the original, of course depends on the first fair use factorwhat is the purpose and character of the new work? Is it "transformative", or in some other way not a substitute for the original? It also depends on the third fair use factorwhether the original work is wholly appropriated, or less of it is taken.” (http://fairusenetwork.org/reference/c-fairuse1.php)

 We have already shown based on previous exhibits that the first and third factor has been adhered to by the Pittsburgh Standard to be of fair use. The second factor has been adhered too. Since all three have been adhered to and the effect on the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work is not a threat, it is a fair use of streaming GREEK SING 2009 Videos.

I have no more questions for my witness and you may step down FAIR USE NETWORK. Thank you for your time.

PART IV: Closing Arguments to convince there is no COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT to stream Greek Sing 2009 videos.

Ladies and gentleman of the jury, you have seen through the FACTORS of the case being broken down and applied to our case at hand, (XYZ Organization V.S. Pittsburgh Standard) to show that the FAIR USE DOCTRINE has been adhered to by the Pittsburgh Standard so it CANNOT BE COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT to stream the GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS.

You have also been presented 6 EXHIBITS OF EVIDENCE in favor of the FAIR USE DOCTRINE in support of the Pittsburgh Standard’s decision. Those exhibits present precedents from previous court cases in support of FAIR DOCTRINE.

You have also heard from our witness: FAIR USE NETWORK who has shown that there will be no COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT if Section 107 of the U.S. Code, Title 17, Chapter 1 is adhered too.

I ask you now ladies and gentleman of the jury, if it is right to punish the hard work of every sorority and fraternity member who put hours and hours of practice time to perform on Friday, March 27, 09 for the benefit of our society, so they can be on target to raise $500,000 for the fight against cancer? Is it right to keep them from watching their own Greek Sing 2009 video which the media is willing to provide for them?

I don’t think it is right to prevent them from seeing them online and I hope you all will agree with me that they should be allowed to see their own performances online for educational purposes to improve for future performances.  Readers should be able to criticize and comment on their performances online for their benefit and the benefit of future sorority and fraternity members who will come after them so they can be inspired to work for a greater cause than themselves.

I believe when singers realize the 'time and sweat' these lovely girls from the sororities and the guys from the fraternities spent to raise money to fight against cancer and to promote awareness of cancer, they would not be upset that the PS streamed the videos with song tunes.

I believe everyone knows someone who has dealt with the sad issue of cancer and its effects including artists. Therefore, if anything, they would be glad that a part of their song was used in the video performance to help raise money for cancer. They would want to help the cancer fight and not hinder it by preventing the videos to be streamed. They would want others to watch them instead of feeling threatened of losing money because part of their song is heard for free.

This is what I strongly believe ladies and gentleman of the jury and I hope you agree with me and will rule in favor of the Pittsburgh Standard and against 'the XYZ Organizations' edict to stop distribution of Greek Sing 2009 videos.

We hope Chancellor Mark Nordenberg, Dean of Students Kathy Humphrey, Student Affairs' Kenyan Bonner, and Coordinator of Sorority and Fraternity Life, Summer Rothrock,  will see that streaming the videos online are for the benefit of the Greek Life Community, the benefit of the University of Pittsburgh Community, and the benefit of the world for we all stand as one to fight against cancer. 

Streaming of the videos is a constant way to get the message across of the hard work and determination put by many of the Pitt students to help the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute so others can follow in their footsteps.

Please rule that it is not a COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT to stream the videos based on the evidence in support of U.S. Code, Title 117, Chapter 1, Section 107 from the Pittsburgh Standard. Thank you for your time and consideration to take this case seriously.

I rest my case and hope you all enjoy the streaming of the videos of Greek Sing 2009.

 If anyone has a problem with the streaming of the videos,  please present the Pittsburgh Standard with a ‘Cease and Desist Letter’ based on Section 512 of the Digital Millennium Act of 1998.  We hope it does not come to that.

We hope artists whose songs are being synchronized within the Greek Sing 2009 videos as samplers will not have a problem with it and understand the FAIR USE DOCTRINE is not harming them and not INFRINGING ON THEIR COPYRIGHTS.

I have done what I set to do and have JUSTIFIED BY LAW why it is ok to STREAM GREEK SING 2009 VIDEOS. I can with confidence place the videos online now. We hope you all agree. Thanks again.

The Defense Rests!

Ramesh C. Reddy has degrees in Psychology with a 3.12 & Administration of Justice with a 3.85, with a 4.0 major in Legal Studies, and minors in Computer Science (3.0), Math (3.0), and Business (3.85). I thank the Lord Jesus Christ for helping me to put this case together whether it is a victory or loss to the paper for God is in control.


First Place Winner of Greek Sing 2009:
“Delightful Delta Zeta's Zealously Welcome Willy Wonka  Demanding Delta Chi's Courage!” (April 27, 09, 8:05 p.m.)

Second Place Winner of Greek Sing 2009:
Delta Delta Delta's Driven By Bond Boys Kickin' Kappa Sigma Silencer. (April 27, 09, 9:37 p.m.)

Third Place Winner of Greek Sing 2009:
ThetaPhiAlpha's Toughly Lead Lambda Chi's Caribbean Cross Crescent Ship Slowly! (April 28, 09, 12:15 a.m.)

Rest of the Greek Sing 2009 videos in their order of performance:

ChiOmega's Cross ZBT's Zone With Wizard's Help Happily Overcoming Oz! (April 28, 09, 1:45 a.m.)

KKG's Kindle Nightmares Now Dealing DeltaTauDelta's Devilish Destruction Below Bed! (May 01, 09, 1:57 p.m.)

AEPhi And AEPi To Take TKE's Helping Heroes Super Stand! (May 01, 09, 3:27 p.m.)

Dazzling DeltaPhiEpsilon's Magically Mesmerize SAE, SAM, SPH! (May 01, 09, 4:47 p.m.)

Sigma Sigma Sigma's Serious Sickness Petrifies PhiDelts! (May 04, 09, 2:30  p.m.)

AlphaDeltaPi Announces PIKA's Pressure Seeking Sin City's Corruption! (May 04, 09, 4:27 p.m.)

SigmaDeltaTau Schooled Together Turning TauEpsilonPhi Towards DeltaPhi's DayDream! (May 04, 09, 5:46 p.m.)

KappaDelta's Keep SigmaChi's Starting Towards Triangle To Have Hope Diamond Delivered! (May 04, 09, 7:02 p.m.)

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