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Posted on Wed,
Jan 31, 2007 at 10:12 p.m.



AUG 05 - JULY 06




'Jews for Jesus' Justified or Jilted!

Video:Commencement 2006 christens  college classmates colorfully!


Photo: LLS lovingly lets largest lively banner bring Bob’ O Connor brightness!

Video: Pedestrian Plummets to Pavement at Fifth & Bigelow

Video: Pennsylvania Governor’s School of International Studies 2006 Supports AIDS Awareness!




Video: SGB Presidential Debate Exclusive Coverage  

"Supporting the Six Servant Student Candidates for SGB"

"Students Savor Food Services and Diversity Seeking the SGB 8 and President!"



Blasi on Board Brings Back Brightness with Bundles of Bliss


Senior of the Year Award Recipient Reminisces Regarding Rewards, Responsibilities, and Review of Four Years!"


"Star Serenades Senior of the Year"




Photos: Chi Omega Sorority Sisters Sweep for a Sweet 3-Peat!


Video: Sorority Sisters Seek Students Selectively!


Video: Vote for your favorite Greek Life Talent Show!


Video: Watch Alpha Phi Alpha open Greek Sing 2006 with a stomp


Video: Watch the winning performance from Greek Sing 2006!  

Video: Greek Talent Show Online Winner is Claire Natale


Video: Watch Cavallaro and her sisters of Delta Zeta take 2nd place at Greek Sing 2006




Trick or Treat  


"What kind of  F.O.O.T.B.A.L.L receiver will you be for Jesus?"


“Demystifying Dan Brown’s Delusional Deceptive Da Vinci Code: Lie #3: The Bible is a by product of man and not of God!"


“Demystifying Dan Brown’s Delusional Deceptive Da Vinci Code: Lie #2: Regarding the issue of Jesus being married to Mary Magdalene"


“Demystifying Dan Brown’s Delusional Deceptive Da Vinci Code: Lie #1: Regarding the issue of Christ's divinity!"




Banning Bisexual Blood Brings Benefit


ACLU Aims to Annihilate Almighty’s Attendance


Funding Failed for Fellowship, 5-3 in SGB!




Rebuttal to Sam Morey's Pitt News column, "Jews for Jesus offend many on campus"


Rebuttal I to Rose Afriyie's sex column, "Relationships part two: when to emotionally invest."


"Contraceptives cause consequences for children!"




Top 20 responses to 'Doing Arrival Survival is like......"


Top 24 answers to 'Celebrating Thanksgiving is like'........


Top 25 responses given by students at Schenley Cafe for the origins of the CANDY CANE!


Photos: College Day at Kennywood Kindles Kinesis


Photos: Peer PGSIS 2005's Past Portfolio Presentations




Audio: Christmas Story with Sing Along Songs 


Video: “Celebrate Mary's  Conception of Christ with Church of AICCP"


Rhyme delivers message of Christmas


Audio: RCR4JC- FM: Jesus is the reason for the season 


Video: Light Up Night Showers Christmas Tree With Lights!



Spiritual Review of "The Visitation"


Video: Spiritual Review of 'X-Men: The Last Stand'


Video: PGSIS 2006 provided with Point State Park fireworks falling from the firmament!

Video: Spiritual Review of 'Superman Returns'


Spiritual Review of  "Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest"




Human Resource Management Final Exam 45 Sample Questions


Human Resource Management Final Exam Sample Questions II


Retail Management Sample Exam 54 Questions


Retail Management 116 Sample Questions




Photo: Introducing the 2005 University of Pittsburgh Cheerleaders and Dance Team!


Photos: Pittsburgh Panthers v.s Notre Dame Fighting Irish Slide Show 2006  


Reddy's Realistic Rankings for Regular Season of NFL 2005  


Pick for free the PS NCAA 2006 Tournament Contest Brackets and win a cash prize


Photo: Panthers costly gaffes cost championship of Big East  


Photo: Former Pitt divers deliver dazzling performances


"Riveting Racing Recap of Indianapolis 500 and Coca-Cola 600"




Photo: Steeler fans celebrate at Cathedral of Learning as Steelers surge to Super Bowl XL seeking Seattle Seahawks  


Video: Indian Student Association involves itself in Steelers celebration


Photo: Steeler Supporters Spring into action at Schenley Café  


TOP 17 responses to Steelers seeking the Seattle Seahawks on Sunday’s Super Bowl XL was like……


Video: "Supporters Stress Significance of Seeking Savior’s Service for Steelers Sensation" 

Video: "Fans faithfully fostered for Steeler’s sensational quarterback near Mercy"

Video: "Motorcycle Menace Makes Mercy Mobilized by Faithful Fans of Ben Roethlisberger" 

“Food & Culture Sample Exam I: Food & Culture, Intercultural Communication, Traditional Health Beliefs & Practices, Intercultural Communication, Food & Religion, and Native Americans"

Ramesh C.Reddy
Pittsburgh Standard

Wednesday, January 31, 2007


Editors Note:
 After spending time in prayer to the Lord Jesus to help me study for the exam, I have prepared my own sample exam true or false, multiple choice, and matching questions in anticipation of the real exam.

I wanted to share them with you all on this site to help you study if you think it would be helpful. If you do not know what each term in the multiple choice means, I would go over those terms. If you answer false for a true-false question, what would make it true.

I do not know if the real exam will be easier than the one I prepared to help me study or if it will be harder. I wrote 75 questions for the five chapters. These questions do not cover all the material in the notes or textbook but are a good way to study material you do not know the correct answer to!

Remember, our test does need a bit of memorization since that’s the only way we can get the true-false questions right so I would approach the true-false questions that way including the multiple choice. If you don’t know the answer, then look at the choices and try to figure out the answer for the multiple choice questions. Have your notes and textbook ready! I do hope it helps you all to study!  Take this sample exam in test conditions and see how well you will do and where you need to brush up on!

If you aced this sample exam, study the material that the sample exam did not cover because not all material is covered within the 75 questions. Hopefully, as time permits there will be sample  exam I, Part II

Chapter 1, Slide 2

  1. 1 out of 4 is of European origin for those considered to be an American.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 2, Slide 2

  1. In a multicultural environment, 70-90 percent of sickness is managed outside the biomedical model.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 3, Slide 2

  1. Misinterpretation may come from the actual words, gestures, posture, spatial relationships, concepts of time, status and hierarchy of persons, role of individual within group and the setting.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 4, Slide 2

  1. Around the world, more people follow Christianity than any other single religion.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 5, Slide 2

  1. Native Americans make up 2% of the USA population and are the greatest number of ethnic groups of any population residing in the USA.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 1, Slide 7

  1. Children between the ages of 3 - 6 begin to reject culturally acceptable food items.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 2, Slide 3

  1. Cultural Outlook is the continuum of understandings and value systems, preferences and priorities.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 3, Slide 3

  1. Health Care Teams involve various allied health professionals, doctors, patient but exclude extended family and traditional health practitioners.

  1. True

  2. False

 Chapter 4, Slide 3

9. Only Christians older than the age of 14 and younger than the age of 60 are required to observe the dietary laws.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 3

10. Native American languages were entirely verbal-therefore historical records are nonexistent.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 1, Slide 5

11. The natural attraction we have to old experiences and old foods yet we also have the preference for the new. This is known as the Omnivores Paradox.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 2, Slide 5

12. A belief or disbelief in internal governing forces impacts a culture’s attitude toward personal responsibility and self-help when the culture internalizes that the illness can be attributed to chance, the will of God or other forces.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 3, Slide 5

13. Provider must depend on verbal and nonverbal information from patient which may be misinterpreted in a cross-cultural exchange causing a cultural misunderstanding in health care between patient and provider.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 4, Slide 5

14. Holiday foods are determined more by family ethnicity and origin, rather than by religious practice in Protestanism.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 6

15. Settlement patterns of Native Americans began between 1600’s and 1800 because of migration and diminishing land resources.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 1, Slide 3

16. Each American ethnic, religious or regional group has its own culturally based food habits such as the Catholic faith that emphasizes no meat on Friday.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 2, Slide 7

17. Worldview impacts dialogue about health where Americans and non-Americans are open, direct, and informal with others according to group, social status and hierarchy.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 3, Slide 7

18. In intercultural communication when a speaker is skilled enough to make cultural adjustments without thinking about them it is called conscious competence.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 4, Slide 7

19. Water is considered the best liquid and should be consumed only before and after the meal, not during the meal for Seventh-Day Adventists.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 7

20. By 1980, more than one-half continue to live in Federal Reservations without making it to Rural Areas.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 1, Slide 19

21. Popular foods in a culture are usually staples that have a dominant role in the diet.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 2, Slide 9

22. In the Jewish worldview of life and death health care decisions, MD’s are mandated to preserve life and that any person who assists death through denial of sustaining care is a murderer.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 3, Slide 9

23. Context is the affective and physical cues used to indicate meaning such as tone of voice, facial expression, posture, and gestures.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 4, Slide 9

24. Buddhism is claimed to be the oldest religion and there are 950,000 Buddhists in the United States.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 9

25. The socioeconomic status of Native Americans is poor where unemployment rates are two to three times the national average and the poverty rate is high.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 13

26. In many Native American tribes, the lineage is inherited from the mother.

A. True
B.  False

Chapter 1, Slide 21

27. The way a food is seasoned and prepared is only second in importance to the initial selection of ingredients in the development of food habits.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 2, Slide 11
28. Biomedical view strives for mastery over nature where practitioners are soldiers in the war on cancer where technology and numerical values are highly regarded.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 3, Slide 12
29. High context cultures are most typical among homogeneous populations such as Asian, Middle Eastern, and Native American.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 4, Slide 11

30. Purity is both a ceremonial goal and a moral ideal in Hinduism.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 11

31. In the worldview of Native Americans, family members do not speak for one another.

A. True
B. False

Chapter 5, Slide 18

32. The central grain in the Native American community is

A. Rice
B. Wheat
C. Oats
D. Corn
E. Rye

Chapter 1, Slide 9

33. Many societies regulate who can dine together as a means of establishing class relationships. This is known as

A. Acculturation
B. Biculturation
C. Assimilation
D. Commensalism
E. None of the above

Chapter 2, Slide 13

34. All of the following are characteristics of other worldviews when it comes to client participation except

A. The client is an active participant in care.
B. It is out of their control
C. It is up to the healer or faith
D. It is the will of God to provide healing
E. Patients should passively accept the health condition

Chapter 3, Slide 13

35. Bloodlines mean that grandmother or mother make medical decisions in this culture.

A. Native Americans
B. Latinos
C. Middle Easterns
D. Asians
E. None of the above

Chapter 4, Slide 13

36. The Ahimsa- principle of non-violence extends to not eating meat for many in this religion.

A. Islam
B. Buddhism
C. Hinduism
D. Judaism
E. Christianity

Chapter 5, Slide 19

37. This is considered a staple in many Native American nations.

A. Corn
B. Bean
C. Squash
D. All of the above
E. None of the above

Chapter 1, Slide 11

38. The process by which culturally specific language and socialization are passed from generation to generation and is a collective adaptation to a specific set of environmental conditions. Cultural patterns are reinforced when a group is isolated by geography or segregated by socioeconomic status.

A. Collectivism
B. Communalism
C. Enculturation
D. Acculturation
E. Biculturation

Chapter 2: Slide 15

39. When it comes to human equality, other cultures compared to U.S.

A. Believe that all people do not have the right to health care including equal access to care.
B. May ration care based on age where children deserve care more than the elderly.
C. May ration care based on socioeconomic status
D. All of the above

Chapter 3, Slide 15

40. In a high context culture all of the following are especially important except

A. Nonverbal communication
B. Verbal communication
C. Facial expressions
D. Gestures
E. Eye contact

Chapter 5, Slide 22

41. Natives Americans living in this region deal with heavily wooded areas, corn is used in many variations, maple syrup is used and clambake, baked beans, succotash, corn pudding, and pumpkin pie are dishes.

A. Southwestern
B. Plains or Midwest
C. Northeastern
D. Pacific Northwest
E. Southeastern

Chapter 1, Slide 13

42. Process by which an ethnic group moves into another new majority society and begins to adopt the new society’s cultural values and habits.

A. Acculturation
B. Biculturation
C. Enculturation
D. Commonalism
E. Collectivism

Chapter 2, Slide 17

43. When it comes to perceptions of time, biomedicine is

A. Future oriented
B. Focused on prevention being the key
C. Time oriented where being on time and taking medicine is valued
D. All of the above

Chapter 3, Slide 21

44. In intercultural nutrition assessment,

A. Collecting nutrition data through the standardized tools introduced cultural bias by using unfamiliar terms and concepts.
B. Cultural differences about pleasing the authority asking the questions exists.
C. Acculturation methods maybe poorly designed and differences in what practioner heard vs. what was said exist.
D. Anthropomeric measures not equally predictive of appropriate growth or fatness (BMI) when used with other ethnicities.
E. All of the above

Chapter 4, Slide 17

45. The goal of this religion is to reach Nirvana-state of calm insight and wisdom.

A. Hinduism
B. Buddhism
C. Islam
D. Judaism
E. Catholicism

Chapter 5, Slide 23

46. Native Americans in this region used agriculture to grow corn, beans, and squash. It is a rich land with many food resources. Many traditional cooking methods and flavors such as Hominy grits, hickory nuts, black walnuts, sassafras, and honey come from here.

A. Northeast
B. Northwest
C. Southern
D. Southwest
E. Midwest

Chapter 1, Slide 15

47. People from one cultural group shed their ethnic identity and fully merge into the majority culture. It doesn’t usually occur with first generation.

A. Acculturation
B. Assimilation
C. Biculturation
D. Commenalism
E. Enculturation

Chapter 2, Slide 19

48. In the biomedical model,

A. Disease is seen as strictly physical
B. There is a mind-body duality
C. Emotions and beliefs of patient not relevant to diagnosis.
D. Emotional needs of the patient are met.
E. Both A and C

Chapter 5, Slide 25

49. Native American region where the diet is predominantly plant based but when the Spanish introduced sheep, they started raising them.

A. Southwestern
B. Northeast
C. Southern
D. Midwest
E. Pacific Northwest

Chapter 3, Slide 29

50. Definitions vary by culture. It relates to the personal perception of being unable to perform the expected actions or responsibilities.

A. Illness
B. Disease
C. Sickness
D. None of the above

 Chapter 4, Slide 21

51. Researchers hypothesis for meat prohibitions has to do with

A. Omnivores Paradox
B. Avoiding Disease
C. Marvin Harris’ theory
D. Socioeconomic reasons
E. All of the above

Chapter 5, Slide 27

52. The Inuit (Eskimos) are from this region:

A. Northwest Coast and Alaska
B. Southwest
C. Midwest
D. Northeast
E. None of the above

Chapter 3, Slide 31

53. The etiology of sickness can be attributed to the

A. Patient
B. Natural World
C. Social World
D. Supernatural World
E. All of the above

Chapter 4, Slide 23

54. All of the following are considered Western religions except

A. Buddhism
B. Christianity
C. Judaism
D. Islam

Chapter 5, Slide 30

55. Native Americans from this region are used to two meals a day

A. Northeast
B. Southwest
C. Pacific Northwest
D. Both b & c
E. None of the above

Chapter 3, Slide 33

56. Diet related folk illnesses are common such as high & low blood among

A. Mexicans
B. Puerto Ricans
C. African Americans
D. Asians

Chapter 4, Slide 25

57. This religious group came primarily from Germany in the 19th century and from Eastern Europe in the 1880-1920 era, and from Germany during the Great Depression.

A. Muslims
B. Jews
C. Hindus
D. Buddhists
E. Christians

Chapter 5, Slide 31

58. The Green Corn Festival is celebrated by Southern nations and has this function:

A. Thankful for plentiful harvest and start anew with new fire, clothes, and pots.
B. All crimes are forgiven except murder
C. Counts as New Year for marriages, divorces, and mourning.
D. All of the above

Chapter 1, Slide 28

59. Cultural practices influence:

A. Which foods are eaten and who prepares the food
B. What is eaten from the hand and what eating utensils are used.
C. What is an appropriate portion size
D. All of the above

Chapter 3, Slide 41

60. Medical Pluralism occurs

A. With consecutive use of multiple health care systems
B. With frequent use of multiple health care systems
C. With concurrent use of multiple health care systems
D. Both A & B
E. Both A & C

Chapter 4, Slide 27

61. The first five books of the Hebrew Bible is called the

A. Torah
B. Talmud
C. Koran
D. Old Testament

Chapter 5, Slide 37

62. Among Native American populations, these rates are 3-4 times that of the general US population.

A. Type 2 Diabetes
B. Type 1 Diabetes
C. Hypertension
D. Heart Disease
E. None of the above

Match the following using the words from the list below:
Blood, Catholics, Christmas, Diwali, Easter, Eastern Orthodox Christians, Eid-al-Fitr, Eid-al-Azha, Hanukkah, Mardi Gras, Nau-Roz, Ramadan, Rosh Hashanah, Shavot, Sukkot, Shab-i-barat, Theophany, Water, and Yom Kipper

Chapter 4, Slide 31

63. Synonymous with life  

Chapter 4, Slide 33

64. Religious New Year celebrated by the Jews

 Chapter 4, Slide 33

65. The Day of Atonement

 Chapter 4, Slide 33

66. The Feast of Tabernacles

 Chapter 4, Slide 33

67. The Festival of Lights

Chapter 4, Slide 33

68. Season of the giving of the Torah

Chapter 4, Slide 39

69. Celebrating the end of Ramadan –

Chapter 4, Slide 39

70. Meat killed and filled to the needy

Chapter 4, Slide 39
71. Fireworks marking the night when God determines the actions for every person for the upcoming year –

Chapter 4, Slide 40

72. New Years Day for Muslims –

Chapter 4, Slide 3

73. Feast days are Christmas and Easter –

Chapter 4, Slide 3

74. The day before Lent –

Chapter 4, Slide 4

75. Easter is the most important holiday –


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